5G Technology By 2020, 50 billion smart devices are expected to be in use. 5G will help support the massive growth in the Internet of Things and enable devices to communicate with each other seamlessly through the convergence of center.
5G networks will also diffuse intelligence across the entire network, from the device to the data center.
Using a fast wireless connection to cloud computing and data services, and to other connected devices, 5G will enable a variety of new capabilities, user experiences and devices such as self-driving cars, augmented reality and much more.
5G’s combination of high-speed wireless communications and efficient cloud computing that even the tiniest devices can access virtually unlimited computing power.
In 5G networks, applications can also be hosted in mobile edge computing nodes such as “cloudlets.”
5G must be designed to be flexible and scalable, thereby, requiring flatter networks that use a variety of radio access technologies, including cellular, Wi-Fi, centimeter and millimeter waves.
What is 5G Technology?
5G stands for “Fifth-generation” referring to the latest generation of mobile phone technologies. It is the successor of 4G technology. Currently, there are field tests and pilot programs that advance us what benefits 5G connections will offer us.
However, 5G goes far beyond smartphones. This technology will undoubtedly be the soul of the new economy, which will allow, for example, self-driving, an infinite improvement of virtual reality, smart cities, the development of home automation (sensors, thermostats …) and robots that work in the network.
The 5G promises to open the door to new surgical procedures, safer means of transport and instant communication for emergency and relief services. The 5G networks will reduce to almost zero the delay time between the devices and the servers with which they communicate.
To achieve all that, 5G technology will need to travel on very high-frequency radio waves. Higher frequencies have faster speeds and wider bandwidth. But, they cannot travel through walls, windows or roofs, and they become considerably weaker over long distances.
This means that wireless companies will need to install thousands – or perhaps millions – of miniature cell phone towers on top of each lamppost, alongside buildings, within every home, and potentially in every room.
Hence, the 5G will complement the 4G, instead of replacing it completely. In buildings and in crowded areas, 5G could provide an increase in speed. But when you’re driving on the highway, 4G may be your only option, at least for a while.
The objective of 5G is to use different bands of spectra among which we highlight:
- Less than 1GHz
- Between 1 and 6 GHz
- Greater than 6 GHz up to 99 GHz
This use of spectra allows for an excellent mobility capacity. It is clear that to achieve these spectra it is essential to have equipment that supports this type of technology. Currently, our Smartphones support up to 4G and due to this Qualcomm, who designs chips for mobiles, has developed the x16 modem which will be the heart of high-end equipment and will be able to support connections up to 1GB per second.
Differences Between 4G and 5G?
With the future 5G technology, you can achieve speed where we can download in a few seconds who in 4G would take minutes or even in 3G hours!
- 1G: Developed in 1981, reached a maximum of 20 million users worldwide and its transfer rate was some Kb per second
- 2G: It was launched in 1990 and the term GSM was introduced, which improved voice quality, sending SMS, better transmission speed and allowed a speed of 56 Kb per second.
- 3G: Developed in 1999, it meant a total change to the standard at that time, since with 3G we achieved speeds of up to 2 MB per second, significantly improving the quality of service and allowing integration with IP / TCP / IP,
- 4G: It is the current generation of mobile networks, although in some countries it has not been fully implemented, and with 4G we are satisfied thanks to speed capacity of up to 20 MB per second which allows us to enjoy streaming without problems.
As in the rest of the different generations of the connection standard, the main difference (and evident) is an important advance in the data transfer speed.
According to the available data, under normal conditions, 5G will be 200 times faster than the 4G connections. We are talking about a figure that goes from 1 to 10 Gbps, but it is not the theoretical maximum since it is about Internet access speeds in movement. If we consider the point of access and receiver stopped, the broadband connection is multiplied to achieve connections of up to 50 Gbps.
5G allows you to download multimedia files of about 800 MB in barely a second while with 4G we speak of an average of 30 seconds.
However, speed is not the only great feature of 5G. Its unloading capacity will encourage its use beyond what we do today.